A Guide to the Ancient Land of Jal Mahal Jaipur known by many different names like Jal Mahal Underwater Palace, Floating Palace or Water Palace, is considered to be the world’s finest example of Rajput and Mughal architecture. Jal Mahal is located in Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan state. Away from the hustle and bustle of the city, there is a magnificent and peaceful Jal Mahal. Jal Mahal is also called Water Palace because it is situated in the middle of Man Sagar Lake.
Located in the middle of the Aravalli hills, this palace is also called the eyeball because it is in the middle of the lake. This palace was also known as the Romantic Palace. This palace was built by Maharaja Jai Singh of Amer in the 18th century. The palace was initially built in 1699 and has been renovated several times. From Jal Mahal, you can enjoy the panoramic view of Man Sagar Lake and Nahargarh Hills.
History Of The Jal Mahal Jaipur
|Year of Construction
|Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh
|Rajput and Mughal styles of architecture
|Also Known as
|The Water Palace
The palace was built in the early AD 1750 or AD 1799 century by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh and is believed to have been used as a summer palace and hunting lodge by the royal family. The palace is built in the Rajput style of architecture, with red sandstone and white marble used in its construction. It has a five-storey structure, with the four upper floors submerged in water. The palace has a total of 21 pillars, which are beautifully decorated with carvings and sculptures.
The special thing about the Jal Mahal is that all four floors of the Jal Mahal are always submerged in water. And only one floor is visible from above, kings also used this palace to spend some special time with their queens. Before the construction of the Jal Mahal, due to a shortage of water in Jaipur, Man Sagar Lake was created by building a dam on the Arbavati River. It was built in 1699, with the help of boats designed in Rajput style.
This palace was once a shooting lodge for the Maharajas, which today attracts many tourists from all over the world. Jal Mahal was built in Rajasthan with a blend of Pitta and Rajput styles of architecture. Jal Mahal Palace is considered to be one of the most beautiful architectural palaces. Man Sagar Lake is situated along the Nahargarh hills behind Jal Mahal Palace. Jal Mahal can hypnotize anyone.
Traditional Vrindavan boatmen have also made wooden boats (boats) here in Rajput style. Splashing in the water, the boatman takes you to the Jalmahal. The paths built in the palace have also been decorated and if you go a little higher, you will also see a jasmine garden, the fragrance of which will definitely mesmerize you. In front of the lake, you will see big mountains on which historical temples and forts are built and on the other side of the lake you will see the pink city of Jaipur.
The most attractive change in Jalmahal is the lake itself. Because the garbage and dirt accumulated in the lake get removed from the bottom. About 2 tonnes of poisonous substances are released and a water system has been developed to keep the lake water pure. You can also see different and beautiful birds on this lake. The place where the lake is now was earlier used to store water.
There was a water famine in this area in 1596 AD. Then the ruler of Amer decided to build a dam so that he could collect the wasted water. According to the plan, the dam was constructed and water from the Amer Mountains and Amgarh Mountains started being collected and stored. This temporary dam was made of stone in the 17th century. Today the dam is approximately 300 meters (980 ft) long and 28.5–34.5 meters (94–113 ft) deep. Internal 3 gates have also been made for drainage of water. So that water can be transferred for farming if needed.
Since then this dam became very famous among the local people and after that many rulers of Rajasthan got it repaired from time to time Jai Singh II of Amer got it rebuilt in the 18th century. There were many other historical buildings at that time, such as Amer Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Jaigarh Fort, Khilangarh Fort and Kanak Vrindavan Valley. All these buildings and monuments of Rajasthan remain the main centres of tourist attraction.
The Architecture of Jal Mahal
The Jal Mahal Palace, with its well-preserved hand paintings in every hall and chamber and its sweeping staircase and elegantly planned roof at the top, is undoubtedly one of the most delicate Indian constructions that have survived to this day. Architecturally, the Jal Mahal Palace is a large-scale example of the Mughal-Rajput architectural style, a theme that has been widespread throughout Rajasthan since time immemorial. This is a 5-storey palace. However, upon completion of the lake, four levels are submerged, and only the 5th floor is visible. The original garden, which stood on the terrace, was ruined. An entirely new deck has been built, similar to the roof garden found at Amer Palace.
The Uniqueness of Jal Mahal
The Jal Mahal Palace continues to be the most popular site in this city of Jaipur because it displays the quality of the construction of the vintage Mughal-Rajput era and exposes the Rajput history and culture to visitors young and old, providing a fantastic tour value. Visits to Jal Mahal are popular with birdwatchers worldwide because of the large number of migrating birds that can be seen in this area of Jaipur. The lake indeed contributes to the appeal of the palace visit.
The enchanting after-sunset experience
Jal Mahal’s nighttime display and stunning scenery can only be appreciated if you visit the palace during or after the sunset. Although you are not permitted to enter the Jal Mahal, you are welcome to take pleasure in the beautiful landscape. The peace and stillness that hangs in the air at night only add to the allure of the picturesque scene.
Where is Jal Mahal?
Jaipur’s Jal Mahal is situated on the significant Amer-Jaipur route, four kilometres north. Given their proximity to one another, most tourists to the Jal Mahal visit it along with a visit to the Amer Fort. Visits to the Jal Mahal are typically shorter than 30 minutes in length, which is plenty of time to snap a few shots for lasting memories
How Reach Jal Mahal?
Jal Mahal is located at a distance of 10 kilometres from the city, but it is easily accessible. You can take a taxi, or auto to reach the palace.
If you are going to see Jal Mahal in Jaipur, Rajasthan, then let us tell you that you can go to Jaipur by aeroplane. Sanganer Airport is well connected to many airports with regular flights from major cities of India. The distance from Sanganer to Jal Mahal is about 25 km, for which you can go by taxi or cab.
To go to Jal Mahal by train, let us tell you that the railway junction is connected to express trains in other departments of India. From Jaipur Railway Junction you can go to Jal Mahal by taxi or cab.
Jal Mahal can also be reached by road or bus as the Road Transport Corporation of Rajasthan operates many private cars and taxis between Jaipur and the major cities of Rajasthan state. And you can go to Jaipur by bus from major cities like New Delhi Ahmedabad, Udaipur, Baroda, Kota and Mumbai.
Interesting Fact About Jal Mahal
- Jal Mahal is now also developing as a bird sanctuary, where more than 1 lakh trees are planted in the nursery and the tallest trees in Rajasthan are found here.
- Jal Mahal was built by the king along with his queens for bathing.
- If you are fond of buying handicrafts from Rajasthan, then you can enjoy it here too.
- Every year on the day of Makar Sankranti, the International Kite Festival is organized here. In which different types of kites are flown. And every year foreigners enjoy the kite festival here.
- Sometimes in the evening, Rajasthani dance, and Rajasthani food are enjoyed and some types of tricks are also shown here.
- Going inside the Jal Mahal is considered strict, permission to go inside the palace is given only to those people who donate for the maintenance of the palace.
Why Is Jal Mahal Closed?
The reason for the closure of Jal Mahal is a pending court case. In 2003, the Rajasthan government under Congress Party rule invited bids for the Jal Mahal project, which includes the Mansagar Lake and the Jal Mahal. The project included cleaning and development of the area, renovation of the Jal Mahal Palace and construction of two hotels along with a handicraft market.
The subsequent government under BJP rule challenged the award of the contract to the bidder. The reasons cited were awarding the contract at a price far below its value and tax evasion. There are many opinions regarding this decision. Some cite reasons such as politics and partisanship among others. Until the court gives its verdict on the matter, visitors will not be allowed inside the Jal Mahal.
Things you should not miss at Jal Mahal
At Jal Mahal, there are many opportunities to create lasting memories. When at Jal Mahal, there are a few things you should do.
- Taking a boat trip:- Boating on Mansingh Lake is one of the most significant ways to live the Jal Mahal experience. Vrindavan’s traditional woodworkers have crafted these boats, which provide a regal sensation as you cruise around the lake with them. While on the lake, you can also see the Aravali highlands, which are home to many outposts and shrines.
- Camel ride:- Taking a camel ride at Jal Mahal at Man Sagar Lake is another fantastic experience. Taking a camel ride next to Jal Mahal will offer you an authentic Rajasthani experience.
- A trip to local markets:-Rajasthan is a region that bursts with culture and colour. The state has etched its particular, bright identity on the artisan goods it produces, whether it’s the distinctive blue pottery, marble and clay idols, designed gesso handbags, or Thewa and Meenakari jewellery. There are several little establishments in the vicinity of the Jal Mahal that offer stunning jewellery pieces and excellent handicrafts worth taking a look at. You can also get khadi clothing from the nearby stores at a very reasonable price.
- Savor the moment: The boundary wall between the lake and the road is lined with seating areas where tourists can sit and enjoy the view of the lake and the palace. Though the place sees a lot of tourists, if you find yourself a good spot you can spend some time here.
- Bird watching: The salubrious hills are covered with lush green trees and the lake gets a lot of migratory avian visitors. You can spend a lot of time admiring the mesmerizing beauty of the place at sunset and doing some bird watching. In its glorious days and when the water of the lake was way cleaner than it is now, Jal Mahal was home to various migratory birds like great crested grebe, flamingos, pintails, kestrels, pilchards, etc. With pollution making the water of the lake unsuitable for them, gradually they stopped coming altogether.
- Photography: You can take some amazing pictures from the seating points at the side of the road, with the backdrop of the hills and the palace. At night when the place is lit up and its glittering silhouette is reflected in the dark water around Jal Mahal, it is a sight worth watching and capturing in your memory and camera. During the monsoons, when the sky is heavily overcast, the verdant hills behind Jal Mahal present a picturesque setting and that is why it is probably one of the most photographed sights in Jaipur.
When is the best time to visit Jal Mahal?
Entrance inside the Jal Mahal is not permitted for visitors. However, boating on the lake allows you to take in the panorama of the palace. The recommended time to visit this location is daybreak or sunset from October to March, when the weather is most acceptable. After dusk, the palace is illuminated with lights, which enhances the overall beauty of the setting.
Visiting the Jal Mahal during the monsoon is much more pleasurable since the rain gives the sandstone of the palace an excellent contrast making it appear even more spectacular. On the other hand, boating would be temporarily suspended if it rains heavily. Most individuals often prefer winter due to the pleasant weather conditions.
Attractions near Jal Mahal, Jaipur
- Kanak Vrindavan Mahal (1.4 km)
- Garh Ganesh Temple (3.7 km)
- Amer Palace (4 km)
- City Palace (4.4 km)
- Badrinath Temple (5.1 km)
- Anokhi Museum (5.2 km)
- Govind Dev Ji Temple (5.8 km)
- Albert Hall Museum (6 km)
- Jantar Mantar (6.1 km)
- Hawa Mahal (6.2 km)
- Jaigarh Fort (6.6 km)
- Bapu Bazar (6.7 km)
- Jaipur Zoo (7.4 km)
- Rambagh Palace (9 km)
- Birla Mandir (9.9 km)
It goes without saying that Jal Mahal is just one of the many splendid heritage structures in the Pink City. When you are visiting this palace, make sure to explore some of the other historical places in and around Jaipur. Above all, do not forget to taste the rich cuisine of the land at one of the best restaurants in Jaipur.
Jal Mahal Photos (Images)
What is Jal Mahal?
Jal Mahal is a beautiful water palace located in the middle of Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur, India. It was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II in the 17th century.
Where is Jal Mahal located?
Jal Mahal is located in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
How to get to Jal Mahal?
Jal Mahal has located about 10 km from Jaipur city center. You can reach there by taxi, auto rickshaw or bus.
What is the best time to visit Jal Mahal?
The best time to visit Jal Mahal is during the winter months (October to March) when the weather is pleasant.
What is the entry fee and timing for Jal Mahal?
Jal Mahal is open from 06:00 am to 06:30 pm all day in the week, The entry fee for Indians Rs 10 and for foreigners is Rs 50.
What are the things to see and do at Jal Mahal?
You can take a boat ride to the palace, admire the architecture, and enjoy the scenic views of the lake.
Is Jal Mahal open to the public?
Since the entry to Jal Mahal itself has been stopped by the Government, you will not be able to visit the actual palace itself. However, a pathway around the Man Sagar Lake allows tourists to view the Jal Mahal. There is no entry fee and you can visit it during the daytime from 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM.
What are the nearby attractions of Jal Mahal?
The nearby attractions to Jal Mahal include Amber Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Hawa Mahal, and Jantar Manta